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Goal: Cass County will have sustainable, strong economic growth.

"Economic growth creates jobs and may increase opportunities for better jobs and improved living standards. Cass County can be a place with a high quality of life driven by a strong economy. Sustainable, strong economic growth puts Cass County in a better position to achieve other stated goals." [201]

Indicator 39: Labor Force Participation

"High labor participation rates, as measured by the proportion of the working age population that is in the workforce, contribute to strong and sustainable economic growth." [202]

2000 Labor Participation

Percentage of population 16 years and older in the labor force in respective geographic areas
Location Labor Force
Fargo 75.1%
Cass County 75.5%
North Dakota 67.5%
United States 63.9%
Percentage of population 16 years and older in the labor force in respective geographic areas
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau [200]

2010 numbers not available as of April 2011.

Indicator 40: Diversity of Economic Activity

"Understanding the kinds of jobs in which its residents work can help a city tailor education, economic development, and career development strategies that enhance economic security for working families."[203]

2000 Occupational Data

Occupational breakdown information
Occupation Fargo Cass County North Dakota United States
Management, professional, and related 34.1% 33.4% 33.3% 33.6%
Service 15.2% 14.6% 16.7% 14.9%
Sales and office 31.2% 30.8% 26.1% 26.7%
Farming, fishing and forestry 0.4% 0.6% 1.7% 0.7%
Construction, extraction, and maintenance 7.5% 8.2% 9.8% 9.4%
Production, transportation, and material moving 11.5% 12.4% 12.4% 14.6%
Percentage of employed civilian population 16 years and over in respective geographic areas.

2000 Occupational Industry Data

Occupational Industry information
Industry Fargo Cass County North Dakota United States
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 0.9% 1.8% 8.2% 33.6%
Construction 5.9% 6.3% 6.2% 6.8%
Manufacturing 8.3% 9.0% 7.1% 14.1%
Wholesale trade 5.0% 5.2% 3.7% 3.6%
Retail trade 15.3% 14.8% 12.7% 11.7%
Transportation and warehousing, and untilities 4.2% 4.9% 5.7% 5.2%
Information 2.6% 2.3% 2.3% 3.1%
Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing 8.9% 8.9% 5.9% 6.9%
Professional, scientific, management, administrive, and waste management services 8.6% 7.9% 6.0% 9.3%
Educational, helath, and social services 23.6% 22.8% 24.2% 19.9%
Arts, entertainment, recreation, accomodation and food services 9.5% 8.7% 8.2% 7.9%
Other services (except public administration) 4.5% 4.7% 4.9% 4.9%
Public administration 2.7% 2.7% 4.8% 4.8%
Percentage of employed civilian population 16 years and over in respective geographic areas.
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau [200]

Indicator 41: Post Secondary Education

"Higher levels of education are associated with longer and healthier life.  In addition, education beyond high school is increasingly necessary for attaining career goals."[204]

2000 Post Secondary Education Information

Post secondary education information
Location Population Percentage with Bachelors Degree or Higher
Fargo 34.4%
Cass County 31.3%
Norh Dakota 22.0%
United States 24.4%
2010 numbers unavailable as of April, 2010
Percentage of the population over age 25 with a Bachelors degree or higher in respective geographic areas.
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau [205]

Indicator 42: High School Graduation Rate

"A high school diploma is a sign of basic academic competence. It is generally considered a minimum requirement for entry into the workforce and is an essential prerequisite for additional education and training." [206]
Location 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010
Fargo 90.7% 89.2% 87.0% 83.1%
North Dakota 86.2% 87.7% 86.9% 85.4%
Data Source: North Dakota Department of Public Instruction [207]

Cohort rate is estimated from the number of graduates and the number of dropouts in the cohort during their four years in high school in respective geographic areas. 

Indicator 43: Age Dependency Ratio

"The total dependency ratio measures the dependency that non-working age people have on working-age people.  It indicates the economic responsibility of those economically active in providing for those that are not." [208]
Age Dependency Ratio
Location Ratio
Fargo 45/100 (45%)
Cass County 49/100 (49%)
North Dakota 66/100 (66%)
United States 61/100 (61%)
2010 numbers unavailable as of April, 2011
Ratio of youth (ages 0 - 17) and elderly (65+) to 100 working-age (ages 18 - 64) residents in respective geographic areas
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau [209]

Indicator 44: Household Growth

"The household composition of a city can provide leaders critical intelligence as to the kinds of housing and services they need to provide."[79]
Household Growth Information
Location 1990 2000 Increase Percentage
Fargo 30,340 39,268 29.4%
Cass County 40,478 51,315 26.8%
North Dakota 241,802 257,152 6.3%
United States 91,993,582 105,480,101 14.7%
2010 numbers unavailable as of April, 2011
Number of households in respective geographic areas
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 1990 [211] and *U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 [212]