How other cities fund infrastructure improvements
All of the communities in the Fargo-Moorhead metro area use some type of "special assessment" to pay for infrastructure. In 2004, the Fargo Special Assessment Task Force, chaired by Commissioner Mike Williams, found that infrastructure costs were very similar across the entire metro area.
A "special assessment" is often used as a financing tool in North Dakota and Minnesota communities. Where special assessments are not used, the cost of installing infrastructure is usually paid by the city through general property tax revenue or by the developer.